Joint International scientific and practical conference
“Digital Century of Culture” and “EVA 2013 Moscow”

November 19 - 22, 2013


Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation
Russain State Library
Russian State Library
Russian association of digital libraries
Russian association of digital libraries
European Union
European Commission
PIK Centre
PIK Centre
Interregional Center of Library Cooperation
Interregional Center of Library Cooperation

List of reports (97)

Book or Computer? Antagonists or Symbionts?

Grinchenko Sergey

information technologies, intelligence, mentality, human, informatics-cybernetic conception, Humankind’s hierarchic self-controlling system

Executed by some authors contraposition of computer electronic information technologies (IT) to texts, printed on paper (books, brochures, journals etc.) does not look justified. Moreover, from theoretical considerations, based on development analysis of IT communication between people in Humankind’s historic past [1-2], follows that such opposition erroneously. So, in epoch existence of “pre-human” Homo ergaster/Homo erectus (beginning from ~1.86 million years ago) they associated by means of “pre-IT”: from signal poses and sounds to mime and gestures. (I note in brackets, that this and further dates is obtained by computational way, on the basis of informatics-cybernetic conception of Humankind’s development as the self-controlling hierarchical system [1]). The appearing of Homo sapiens is closely associated with the emergence (beginning from ~123 thousand years ago) of IT articulated speaking and language. This significantly downgraded the role of mime and gestures IT in communication between people, but not reduced them to null. Hereinafter Homo sapiens continued to complicate, whereby not so much anatomically and physiologically, how much of mentally and intellectually [3-4], and (beginning from ~8.1 thousand years ago) created writing IT. It, but again, has not cancelled IT of spoken language and mnemonic memorizing of important information to human. But ratio of “mime&gestures IT” : “speaking&language IT”: “writing IT” varied in march of history naturally. When (about ~1446) IT of replication texts – the book printing – was devised, during all its importance to civilizational development, it has not cancelled neither hand-written practice, neither the oral speech, neither the mime. Really “specific weight” them in total IT continued to vary. A similar situation holds and now, with invention about 1946 of computers and about 1979 of computer networks. During this their role increases beneath our eyes – but this, by analogy with previous informational revolutions, neither books, neither manuscripts, neither oral speech, neither mime not eliminates. In this meaning all IT ensue “equicardinal”. The book role decreases only in particular directions of its usages. For example, the search of needed text fragment (citation) is very quickly in electronic copy of book, and requires noticeable time expenditures in case of work with its paper variant, even furnished by subject and author indices. In its turn, the paper variant of text is more preferable in case reading of books, printed in pre-computer epoch, because they keeps some peculiarities of that time. Thus, ideal in information environment of civilizational development ensues not contraposition and antagonism between different IT, but their harmonic combination: that in biology call “symbiosis”.
1. Grinchenko S.N. Meta-Evolution (of Inanimate, Animate and Social-Technological Nature Systems) – Moscow: IPIRAN, 2007, 456 pp. – See also http://www.ipiran.ru/publications/publications/grinchenko/book_2/
2. Grinchenko S.N., Shchapova Yu.L. Information Technologies in the History of Humankind. – M.: New technology, 2013. – 32 p. (application to magazine “Information technologies”, № 8/2013) – See also http://www.ipiran.ru/grinchenko/Ip813_web.pdf
3. Grinchenko S.N. Homo Eruditus (Human Erudited) as Element of Humankind System // Open Education. – 2009. – No. 2. – pp. 48-55. – See also http://www.ipiran.ru/grinchenko/%D0%9E%D0%9E_2009_2.pdf
4. Grinchenko S.N. On the Evolution of Mind as a Hierarchical System (a Cybernetic Approach) // Historical Psychology & Sociology. – 2012. – V.5. – No. 2. – pp. 60-77. – See also http://www.ipiran.ru/grinchenko/article_1_2013.pdf

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